Understanding The Degrees of Freemasonry: A Comprehensive Guide

Trying to understand the degrees of Freemasonry can feel like navigating a secret world. With centuries-long roots and intricate hierarchies, this oldest fraternal organization is richly layered with symbols and stages.

This blog post will serve as your comprehensive guide, unraveling the complexities of Masonic ranks from Entered Apprentice through to the Honorary 33rd degree and beyond. Ready for an enlightening voyage? Let’s set sail on this fascinating journey into the heart of Freemasonry.

Overview of Freemasonry Ranks

The Masonic system comprises three fundamental elements often referred to as craft degrees – these include Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft, and Master Mason.

Each degree represents a unique phase in Mason’s progression toward understanding and embodying core values such as integrity and service.

Intriguingly, there is much more beyond these base levels. While the third degree, or Master Mason status, is considered the highest rank within Freemasonry, members may further broaden their horizons through supplemental degrees offered by appendant organizations like the Scottish Rite or York Rite.

For example, some dedicated masons advance their standing within this fascinating fraternal order by pursuing everything from Lodge of Perfection (4°-14°), Council of Princes of Jerusalem (15°-16°), Chapter of Rose Croix (17°-18°) right up to Consistory (19°-32°).

One particularly revered accolade is the honorary 33rd-degree award bestowed by Scottish Rite – an honor reflecting recognition for exceptional service but not indicating higher rank than a Master Mason.

Despite having numerous ranks and degrees which could suggest hierarchy or inequality amongst its members’ standings at first glance that’s far from reality inside lodge doors. Indeed it’s altogether quite the opposite; Freemasonry endorses equality above all else with each member – regardless if they’re an Entered Apprentice or have reached 33rd-degree honors – being treated equally without any suggestion of superiority or inferiority.

The Three Craft Degrees of Freemasonry

The three craft degrees of Freemasonry, namely Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason, form the foundation of a mason’s journey within the organization.

Entered Apprentice

The Entered Apprentice degree marks the beginning of a Masonic journey. It is the initial stage in Freemasonry where an individual transitions from being an outsider to becoming a part of this esteemed fraternity.

The new member takes his first step into Craft lodges, rich with centuries-old traditions and practices derived from medieval craft guilds of stone masons.

In this phase, Freemasons introduce their neophyte brother to core values like moral integrity, equal regard for all members, and service commitment towards humanity and country. A key aspect of being an Entered Apprentice is learning about these core principles while assimilating themselves into the group’s customs and rituals.

Through study, participation in lodge activities and mentorship by senior Masons, Apprentices enhance their understanding of Freemasonry’s symbolic teachings rooted in historical degrees that stem from both Christian and Jewish beliefs on personal growth and moral perfection.


The journey through Freemasonry continues with the Fellow Craft, the second degree in Masonic Ranks. Traditionally, this stage reflects a time of learning and self-development. Members at the Fellow Craft level delve deeper into the history and symbolism associated with Freemasonry while enhancing their understanding of personal growth values encapsulated within Masonic teachings.

The Fellow Craft degree strives to instill an appreciation for intellectual curiosity, crafted through the pillars of wisdom, strength, and beauty – core principles that shape the moral fabric of every Freemason.

From its ancient roots within stone mason craft guilds to today’s highly-respected fraternity worldwide, exploration at this rank offers members rich insights into their roles as staunch upholders of exemplary integrity and service.

Master Mason

The Master Mason degree is the highest and most significant rank in Freemasonry . As a Master Mason, you have completed your journey through the craft degrees of Entered Apprentice and Fellow Craft, and you now possess the knowledge and experience to fully understand the teachings of Freemasonry.

This degree represents moral perfection and symbolizes personal growth within yourself and your community. It is important to note that while some members may pursue additional degrees or achieve leadership ranks, all Master Masons are considered equal within the organization.

Freemasonry values equality above all else, fostering a sense of unity among its members who come from diverse backgrounds.

Beyond Craft Degrees

Beyond the three Craft degrees of Freemasonry (Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason), there are additional degrees within different Masonic bodies that delve deeper into the teachings and principles of Freemasonry.

Let’s uncover the mysteries behind these higher degrees and their significance in the Masonic journey.

The Lodge of Perfection (4°-14°)

The Lodge of Perfection is an integral part of the Scottish Rite Masonry and encompasses degrees ranging from the 4th degree to the 14th degree. These degrees, known as Ineffable Degrees, focus on the contemplation and investigation of the ineffable name of Deity.

Each degree within the Lodge of Perfection has its own unique significance, such as Master Traveler, Perfect Master, Master of the Brazen Serpent, Provost and Judge, Intendant of the Building, Master of the Temple, and many more.

Through elaborate plays with costumes, scenery, special effects, and dramatic production techniques, these degrees present Masonic philosophies that aim to help individuals understand life’s reason and purpose.

Council of Princes of Jerusalem (15°-16°)

The Council of Princes of Jerusalem is an important part of the Masonic degree system, specifically associated with the 15th and 16th degrees. These degrees focus on historical events related to the ending period of the Babylonian captivity of Israel and the subsequent rebuilding of the Temple.

Notable degrees within this council include the Knight of the East and the Prince of Jerusalem. Through these degrees, Freemasons explore ancient history while also deepening their understanding of moral values and personal growth.

It is worth noting that these additional degrees serve as honorary distinctions within Freemasonry but are not considered higher in rank or prestige than the Master Mason degree.

Chapter of Rose Croix (17°-18°)

The Chapter of Rose Croix degrees in Freemasonry, which is the 17th and 18th degrees, hold a special place within the Scottish Rite. These degrees go beyond the fundamental Craft degrees of Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason, delving into more profound philosophical teachings.

In these degrees, members explore topics such as religion, philosophy, ethics, and history through plays that feature costumes and dramatic effects. The purpose is to provide a deeper understanding of Masonic principles and help individuals grasp the reason and purpose behind life itself.

The Chapter of Rose Croix degrees are considered high honors within Freemasonry but should not be seen as superior in rank or prestige to the Master Mason degree. They represent an opportunity for personal growth and self-development within this ancient fraternity.

Consistory (19°-32°)

The Consistory degrees (19°-32°) are a crucial part of the Scottish Rite Masonry. These degrees, known as traditional and chivalric degrees, play a significant role in teaching important lessons and principles within Freemasonry.

The traditional degrees (19-29) focus on core values like Reverence for God and Integrity, while the chivalric degrees (30-32) symbolize the transition from an operative craft guild to a speculative moral science.

Each degree within the Consistory holds its own significance, such as Knight of Valor or Grand Inspector. It is essential to understand that these degrees are considered high honors but do not hold a higher rank or prestige than the Master Mason degree.


The Consistory, a constituent body of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, exhibits a degree of jurisdictional variation.

In the Northern Jurisdiction, a Consistory is responsible for conferring a range of degrees. Specifically, the Council of Kadosh confers degrees 19° through 30°, and the Consistory then confers the 31st and 32nd degrees.

Conversely, in the Southern Jurisdiction, the Consistory’s authority is more limited, conferring only the 31st and 32nd degrees. The practice of conferring degrees 19° through 30° is separately undertaken by the Council of Kadosh, aligning with the structure and order specific to this jurisdiction.

Honorary Degrees in Freemasonry

Honorary degrees in Freemasonry are awarded to select members who have made significant contributions to the organization and its core values.

The 33rd Degree and Beyond

The 33rd degree in Freemasonry is an honorary degree that is awarded to members who have exemplified exceptional dedication and service within the organization. While it is considered a high honor, it is important to note that it does not hold a higher rank or prestige than the Master Mason degree.

The Scottish Rite confers this honorary degree, which signifies a member’s commitment to personal growth, moral integrity, and devotion to humanity. Beyond the 33rd degree, there are no additional degrees within Freemasonry.

Instead, members can continue their masonic journey by exploring leadership roles or pursuing avenues of personal and spiritual development through various Masonic bodies such as the Shrine or York Rite.

A Closer Examination of Masonic Ranks

Masonic ranks hold significant meaning within the Freemasonry organization, symbolizing a member’s progression and mastery of the craft. A closer examination of these ranks provides insight into the rich history and traditions upheld by Freemasons.

At its core, Masonic ranks are designed to guide members through an initiatory journey of self-discovery and personal growth.

The three Craft degrees – Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason – form the foundation of Freemasonry. Each degree represents a different stage in the member’s development, focusing on moral lessons, symbolic rituals, and philosophical teachings.

The highest rank achievable is that of Master Mason, demonstrating one’s dedication to embodying the principles espoused by Freemasonry.

Beyond these foundational degrees lie additional degrees conferred by appendant bodies such as the Scottish Rite or York Rite. These supplemental degrees provide further insights into esoteric knowledge and offer opportunities for deeper exploration within specific areas of interest.

It is important to note that while these additional degrees are considered prestigious honors within Freemasonry, they do not hold a higher rank or status than that of Master Mason.

Freemasonry values equality among its members; there are no hierarchies present in terms of individual worth or importance. Instead, Masonic ranks serve as symbols representing each member’s personal journey rather than a measure of superiority over fellow brethren.

By delving into the history and significance behind each rank within Freemasonry, one gains a greater appreciation for this ancient institution’s commitment to fostering personal integrity and spiritual growth.

Other Masonic Bodies

Freemasonry encompasses a rich tapestry of additional Masonic bodies and organizations that extend beyond the three craft degrees. These additional bodies offer Freemasons further opportunities for spiritual growth, fellowship, and philanthropy.

Some notable examples include the Scottish Rite, York Rite, Knights Templar, and the Shrine.

The Scottish Rite is one of the most well-known appendant bodies in Freemasonry. As mentioned, it offers degrees from the 4th to the 32nd degree, each with its own teachings and symbolism.

The York Rite is another major appendant body that consists of three separate branches: Royal Arch Masonry, Cryptic Masonry, and Chivalric Orders. It provides members with an extensive system of degrees and rituals.

The Knights Templar is a Christian-oriented chivalric order within freemasonry that traces its origins back to medieval times. This organization emphasizes ideals such as honor, courage, charity, and religious devotion.

The Shrine (formally known as Shriners International), focuses on fun-loving brotherhood while also supporting charitable causes through their network of hospitals for children.

These are just a few examples of the many other Masonic bodies available to Freemasons seeking further engagement within their fraternity. Each organization offers unique experiences and opportunities for personal growth while upholding shared values such as integrity and service to humanity.

Understanding Freemasonry Symbols

Freemasonry is rich in symbolism, and understanding these symbols is crucial to fully grasp the craft. One of the most recognizable symbols of Freemasonry is the square and compass, which represents moral and intellectual values.

The square symbolizes morality, reminding Freemasons to act with fairness and honesty in their daily lives. The compass represents wisdom, guiding members to use knowledge and judgment in all aspects of life.

Another significant symbol often associated with Freemasonry is found on the U.S. one-dollar bill: the pyramid with an eye at its peak. This symbol, known as the Eye of Providence or the All-Seeing Eye, has roots in ancient Egyptian civilization and signifies divine providence watching over humanity.

The trowel is yet another emblematic tool used by Masons during ceremonies. It reminds members to spread kindness, unity, and brotherly love among themselves and society at large.

Understanding these symbols allows Freemasons to connect with a shared heritage of values while serving as reminders for personal growth within their journey within Freemasonry.

Notable Freemasons

  • George Washington, the first President of the United States, was a Freemason and held the rank of Master Mason.
  • Benjamin Franklin, one of America’s founding fathers and an influential diplomat, was a member of several Masonic lodges.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the renowned composer, was initiated into Freemasonry in Vienna in 1784.
  • Simon Bolivar, known as the “Liberator,” was a Freemason and played a crucial role in South America’s independence movements.
  • Sir Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister during World War II, belonged to several Masonic lodges throughout his life.
  • Henry Ford, the founder of the Ford Motor Company and pioneer of the assembly line production system, was a Freemason.
  • Mark Twain, a celebrated American author and humorist, was initiated into Freemasonry in 1861.
  • Harry Truman, the 33rd President of the United States, served as Grand Master of Masons in Missouri before his presidency.
  • Salvador Allende Gossens, Chile’s first socialist President elected democratically, was an active member of Freemasonry.

These notable individuals demonstrate the diverse range of industries and backgrounds that have been touched by Freemasonry throughout history.


This comprehensive guide has provided a detailed understanding of the degrees of Freemasonry. From the three craft degrees to the honorary 33rd degree, we’ve explored the ranks and symbols that make up this ancient fraternity.

Whether you’re a Freemason yourself or simply interested in history and secret societies, this guide has shed light on the fascinating world of Freemasonry and its influence throughout history.


The degrees of Freemasonry refer to the stages or levels of initiation within the Masonic order. There are three main degrees: Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason.

The degrees in Freemasonry serve as a system for teaching moral and ethical lessons through allegory and symbolism. They provide members with opportunities for personal growth, self-reflection, and learning about philosophical principles.

To advance through the degrees of Freemasonry, individuals must undergo rituals and ceremonies that impart specific teachings associated with each degree. Advancement typically requires demonstrating knowledge and understanding of previous degrees before being eligible to proceed further.

Yes, beyond the initial three degrees, there are numerous appendant bodies or orders within Freemasonry that offer further honorary or specialized degrees. These additional bodies focus on specific aspects such as chivalry, Scottish Rite, York Rite, Shrine (Shriners), or other esoteric traditions depending on the jurisdiction and interest of individual members.